Preparing for a Great Presentation – 4 Important Steps by Peter Dhu

Public speaking can be a nerve-wracking experience for many individuals. However, with proper preparation and organisation, you can deliver a memorable and impactful presentation. In this article, we will explore four essential steps to help you prepare for great public speaking. By following these steps, you can gain confidence, engage your audience effectively, prepare for the unexpected and deliver a compelling speech or presentation.

Step 1: Know Your Purpose

Every speech or presentation has a purpose. Clearly define the objective of your presentation. Are you informing, persuading, entertaining, or inspiring your audience? What do you want people to do, think or feel after you presentation. This clarity of purpose helps you design you presentation for impact. Knowing your purpose will guide the content creation process and help you structure your speech accordingly. Your purpose should be evident in your opening and closing statements, as well as throughout your presentation. It will provide clarity to your audience and ensure a cohesive message. The reverse of a clear purpose is what we call “scatter gun” where the speaker is all over the place and no one really knows what the purpose or message is.

Step 2: Know Your Public Speaking Audience

Understanding your audience is crucial to delivering a speech that resonates with them. Research and gather information about your audience’s demographics, interests, knowledge level, and expectations. Ask yourself: Who are they? What are their needs? What questions might they have? You can do a pre workshop questionnaire and gets peoples feedback on what they want or need. Tailor your message to address these concerns and interests. This will enable you to connect with your audience on a deeper level and make your presentation more relevant and engaging. The metaphor I use is “walk a mile in your audiences’ footsteps before you speak to them”.

Step 3: Know Your Venue

Familiarising yourself with the venue is an important aspect of preparation. Visit the location before the day of your speech or presentation, if possible. Take note of the room layout, acoustics, seating arrangement, and available audio-visual equipment. This knowledge will help you plan your movements, adjust your voice projection, and make any necessary technical arrangements. Arrive early on the day of the presentation also helps. Being comfortable and familiar with your surroundings will contribute to your overall confidence during the presentation. We have all see n the speaker who arrives late, struggles to get their audio-visual equipment working, is asking how to connect to the internet and general looks a little ruffled and unorganised. By arriving early and knowing your venue you can sort all of this out before anyone arrives.

Step 4: Know Your Public Speaking Topic Well

Thorough knowledge of your topic is essential for a successful presentation. Research extensively, gather relevant data, and organize your content in a logical and coherent manner. Identify key points and supporting evidence that will help you convey your message effectively. Use examples, stories, or anecdotes to illustrate your ideas and make them relatable to your audience. Different audiences, different stories, and different information. Speaking to accountants and financial planners, would require a different set of stories and anecdotes to when you are speaking with a group of health professionals or social workers. Be prepared for questions and being challenged. Not everyone will agree with everything you say. Prepare responses to questions and to objections. By having a solid understanding of your topic, you will feel more confident and be able to handle questions or challenges that may arise during your speech.


Preparing for public speaking involves careful planning and organization. By following the four essential steps outlined in this article – knowing your audience, knowing your venue, knowing your topic well, and knowing your purpose – you can significantly enhance your preparation and deliver a great speech or presentation. Remember, “Prior Preparation Prevents Pathetically Poor Public Presentations”. Practice is key. Rehearse your presentation multiple times, seek feedback, and continuously refine your delivery. With dedication and preparation, you can confidently engage your audience and leave a lasting impression.

Interested in improving your public speaking skills? Join Peter at the Winning Presentation Skills on October 23rd in Perth. Limited seats available, so register now!

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